Major Aspects in Astrology

14 July 2022by Frederick0

Aspect’ in the context of Astrology represents the distance between planets — how far apart the planets are from one another — and the idea that the different intervals of space between these planets represent different kinds of planetary relationship that ultimately influence the life of, and action taken by the individual.

Astrologers use the term ‘Aspects’ to measure the degrees of longitude between planets along the ecliptic. Imagine a dozen of people sitting around a circular dinner table. Each person is able to see every other person from the position he or she is at, only from a different vantage point. As one person shifts from one seat to another empty seat at the dinner table, the angle (or aspects) of that person to another person at the table are being formed or dissolved when that occurs. Similarly, when one planet changes position on a chart, aspects are formed or dissolved, and this affects the individual. So, technically, all planets are ‘in aspect’ to one another.

In this article, we will only focus on the five Major Aspects, because these are fundamentals and the most commonly used in many astrological chart analyses.

The 5 Major Aspects are:

  • Conjunction
  • Sextile
  • Square
  • Trine
  • Opposition


Conjunction occurs when two planets come together in roughly the same spot in the sky or the same spot in the zodiac.

Ancient astrologers considered planets that occupied the same zodiacal sign to be in conjunction (sign-based conjunction), while modern astrologers consider planets occupying the same degree on the astrological chart as a conjunction (degree-based conjunction). Either way, both conjunctions are associated with the idea of unity which is the core meaning of this aspect.

Conjunction in Astrology

Imagine both planets holding hands like a couple. Both are exchanging eye contact and sharing their own characteristics with each other like lovers. Yet not all lovers are comfortable with each other. One lover might feel uncomfortable with the other just because this lover does not like what the other lover possesses! Therefore, this couple might not see eye-to-eye with each other. Likewise, a conjunction might be a good aspect, but it can also be a not-so-good aspect too, and that depends on the pair of planets coming together on the astrological chart.

For example, a person with Moon-Mercury conjunction would tend to speak their minds very often, and their feelings goes hand-in-hand with whatever they say. They can at times become so attached to their beliefs that it become difficult to separate their thoughts from their feelings. A person without this aspect finds it easier to accept that they have thoughts as individuals, but their feelings are separate from their thoughts. So, they are able to keep certain opinions to themselves. Thus, the problem with Moon-Mercury individuals is that they can be opinionated and are likely to be very defensive when someone criticises their thoughts or belief system, despite being an honest, imaginative, and intuitive individual themselves.

At times, there will be multiple conjunctions on an astrological chart involving three or more planets (within 8 degrees or so), and this is what astrologers call a ‘stellium’. A stellium is definitely something that we need to pay extra attention to because it is of real importance to a person if he or she has one on the chart.

However, to interpret a conjunction within a stellium, it is rather challenging. One way is to isolate a planet that seems to stand out for some reason.

Take Bruce Lee’s chart as an example. He has a Scorpio stellium in the 12th House (12H). Mars stands out because it is the traditional ruler of Scorpio. Hence, we expect Bruce as a person who is internally driven and intensely ambitious. He might have felt powerless at some point in his life but with his internal Martian energy in Scorpio, it motivated him to prove himself later in his life as a martial artist. His Moon is in conjunction with Mars, which means he could have come across as someone who acts impulsively and decisively which might sometimes be seen as being insensitive to the feelings of others without him being aware of it. His Moon also conjoins Mercury, and as mentioned earlier, he speaks his mind, which sometimes offend others in the process. As you can now see, a conjunction can reveal certain blind spots we have in our lives and as soon as we realise them, it becomes easier for us to consciously deal with these blind spots!

Bruce Lee's Chart


Sextile in Astrology

Sextile occurs when two planets are either 60 degrees apart or three signs apart on the astrological chart. This aspect connects two signs based on gender. For example, if Mars is in the middle of Cancer, say 15 degrees, it would be sextile to any planets 15 degrees in Taurus or Virgo. That is also three signs apart.

Although the sextile aspect is interpreted similarly to the Trine aspect, Sextile is not quite as easy as it seems. Having a sextile aspect in your chart represents an opportunity to prove yourself, and often that requires a little push or an effort to make things happen.

When two planets are in sextile to each other, there is a form of cooperation going on between the characteristics of the two planets and it does involve some degree of effort despite the aspect being in harmony.



Square occurs when two planets are either 90 degrees apart or four signs apart on the astrological chart.

Cardinal Signs and Genders in AstrologyThis aspect connects two planets in the signs based on their modality, which can be a cardinal, fixed, or mutable sign. For example, when Mars in Cancer squares any planet in Libra or Aries, you will notice that these signs (Cancer, Libra, and Aries) are cardinal signs.

When planets are squaring each other on a birth chart, it produces tension and strain for the individual. This creates certain challenges or obstacles that a person would have to deal with on a daily basis. This is because the energies of two planets get in each other’s way, and this sets off a very tense situation which can create some form of self-doubt or uncertainty. Nonetheless, squares are useful because tensions stretch us to our limit and obstacles test our physical and mental strength as well as faith in our abilities. It is through meeting challenges that helps us grow, by refining our approach to life or by becoming stronger as an individual.

Square in Astrology

The good news is that, as we grow older, we tend to handle squares a little easier than when we were younger. It’s part and parcel of the maturing process (or some of you might call it ‘adulting’). Individuals with few or no squares in their chart often find themselves maturing much later in life. They probably had it easier when they were younger and were not confronted with challenges. And so, as they grow older and life throws them a curve ball, they might find it harder to summon the strength to meet the expectations and demands of society. They might also be less resilient to unexpected changes. This is when real problems occur for these individuals, and they might give up their lives completely if they find it too tough to handle or resist challenges.

Squares forces us to grow, and they are just as important as other aspects on your birth chart.



Elements in Astrology

Trine occurs when two planets are either 120 degrees apart or five signs apart on the astrological chart.

This aspect connects planets that have the same element or the same triplicity — the four classical elements from the Greek philosophy: Fire, Earth, Air and Water. For example, Mars in Cancer would be Trine to any planet in the sign of Scorpio or Pisces. When this trine aspect occurs, you will notice that all three signs are Water signs (Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces).

The trine has been regarded as a very easy aspect for one to have on his or her astrological chart. By the word ‘easy’, it basically means both planets’ energy are at ease with each other in that specific position or aspect they are in on the chart. They flow well together because they are of the same element. As such, they are able to support and reinforce each other.

Trine in AstrologyTrines represent our innate motivation and aspiration, what we find aesthetically pleasing, what we like and enjoy, what we find pleasurable, and to some extent, what constitutes our hidden talents. Trines facilitate acceptance and healing within ourselves, but it may not necessarily be good all the time. For example, a person with a Venus-trine-Saturn aspect has a talent for creating life structures that enables him or her to express creativity and aesthetics by following his or her heart’s desires. However, this person may be inflexible when it comes to adopting other approaches to express creativity and aesthetics because it falls outside his or her own structure. This creates an impression of stubbornness or rigidity which can affect how others relate to this individual on a daily basis. The planets here are in hard contact within this trinal relationship.

Although trines can be uplifting and delightful to have on a chart, it may not be motivating for us to do anything if there are too many trines in our birth chart. A person with a lot of trines on his or her birth chart seems to be luckier or more fortunate in life because he or she seems to have many things falling on their lap. And when you have a lot of things going your way, you tend to take them for granted. This in turn can affect the way you behave or treat others and how you view life to some extent.



Opposition occurs when two planets are directly opposite each other on the zodiac. Opposition in AstrologyOppositions are either 180 degrees or six signs apart from each other. Planets in opposition share the same gender and modality but they have opposite elemental qualities. For example, Mars in Cancer is in opposition to any planet in the sign of Capricorn or if it is 180 degrees away from it. Both Cancer and Capricorn are feminine cardinal signs but differ in their elemental qualities. Cancer is a water sign which is said to be wet, while Capricorn is an earth sign which is said to be dry. In the case of fire signs and air signs, fire signs are said to be hot while air signs are said to be cold.

Opposites are said to be alike but differing only in degree. It is also said that our existence is based on the Law of Opposites, which is Yin and Yang, Male and Female, Light and Dark, Good and Evil and so on. This means that oppositions coexist to support each other once there is strong awareness of each other’s attributes. For instance, opposite signs tend to function at their optimum when they help each other out by compromising. Without compromising or give-and-take, it would be very hard to sustain the relationship in the long run.

Oppositions serve as a reflection to bring something to our attention or increase our awareness through the medium of relationship.



This is how the Major Aspects play their roles on your astrological chart. Of course, there are more to the Aspects than what it is written above. Those are simple examples of the five major aspects in astrology. If you want to have a clearer and more in-depth look into your birth chart on how these aspects directly affects your love life and career,  drop me an email or a WhatsApp message for a face-to-face conversation so that you get the best out of your time with me.

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